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Sleep-Wake Disorders

According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, about 50-70 million Americans suffer from sleep or wakefulness disorders. Not getting enough sleep is linked to many chronic diseases and conditions including diabetes, heart disease, obesity, cognitive decline, and depression. Adults who are not getting enough sleep are more likely to report that they are physically inactive, are less effective at work, smoke and drink excessively.

There are over 70 different types of sleep disorders. Here are five common categories of sleep disorders:

  1. Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders. This is often seen in people who do shift work, travel frequently (causing jet lag), or in young adults who are night owls.

  2. Insomnias. 15% of the adult US population is affected, reporting difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing non-refreshing sleep.

  3. Hypersomnias, such as chronic sleep deprivation and narcolepsy, are characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness. 

  4. Sleep Movement Disorders. Examples include restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movements during sleep.

  5. Sleep Related Breathing Disorders. Examples include snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, and centeral sleep apnea.

According to the CDC, a third of US adults report that they usually get less than 7 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period.  Sleep disorders add to the national health care bill, as well as lost worker productivity, and accidents.

 

 

Harvard Medical School has published that chronic sleep problems:

  • are more likely to affect clients with psychiatric disorders,
  • may increase risk for developing particular mental illnesses,
  • and are symptoms associated with most psychiatric disorders.

For instance, those with insomnia are two times more likely to develop anxiety, four times more likely to develop depression, and seven times more likely to develop substance use disorders.

At HopeWay, we understand how sleep disorders affect our client's mental health. We provide comprehensive assessments to evaluate and treat underlying sleep disorders. Our treatment plans may include pharmacological management and teach behavioral strategies, such as relaxation training and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia.